god

Does God exist? If so, then is it the God of the Bible? In this series we look at what the Bible says about His existence as well as discovering what God is like. We will find that He is a good, loving and righteous God who wants to have a personal relationship with every human being.  In addition, we will learn about the various things that He has done in history.

DOES THE GOD OF THE BIBLE EXIST?

Within the pages of the Bible are the claims that God has spoken to humanity. Over three thousand times in the Old Testament alone there are phrases such as “God spoke”  . . .  “And the Lord said” . . . “The word of the Lord came unto”

The men who wrote the books of the Old and New Testament believed that God exists and that He clearly revealed Himself to the world. The Bible is a record of that revelation.  But the claim that God exists does not, in and of itself, make it true. How do we know that God exists? Couldn’t the idea of God be some wish-fulfillment on our part? Maybe God is only a mental projection; something which merely exists in our minds. If there is a God, as the Bible affirms, then how does a person know that this God is the same one that the Bible reveals? How does the Christian know that their God exists? What reasons are there to believe in the God of the Bible? This book will answer questions concerning the evidence for God’s existence.

Question 1: Who Exactly Is The God Of The Bible? What Can We Know About Him?

Question 2: Does The Bible Try To Describe God’s Character?

Question 3: Does The Bible Attempt To Prove That The God Of Scripture Actually Exists?

Question 4: Why Should We Give Arguments For The Existence Of God If The Bible Does Not Give Any? Why Should We Do Something The Bible Does Not Do?

Question 5: What Is The Cosmological Argument For God’s Existence? (The Argument From Contingency Or First Cause)

Question 6: What Is The Teleological Argument For God’s Existence? (The Argument From Design)

Question 7: What Is The Anthropological Argument For God’s Existence? (The Argument From The Need To Worship Something)

Question 8: What Is The Moral Argument For God’s Existence? (Moral Standards Are Found Everywhere)

Question 9: What Is The Biological Argument For God’s Existence? (The Argument From Life Itself)

Question 10: What Is The Ontological Argument For God’s Existence? (The Argument From Being) 

Question 11: What Should We Conclude About The Traditional Arguments For God’s Existence? Are They Convincing? 

Question 12: Why Do Some Believers Think The Traditional Arguments For God’s Existence Should Not Be Given?

Question 13: What Does Nature Tell Us About The Existence Of The God Of Scripture? (Natural Theology)

Question 14: How Do We Know That The God Of The Bible Is The God Who Exists?

Question 15: How Does The Unique Makeup Of The Bible Give Evidence For The Existence Of The God Of Scripture?

Question 16: In What Sense Does Predictive Prophecy Show That The God Of The Bible Exists?

Question 17: How Does The Resurrection Of Jesus Christ Give Evidence For God’s Existence?

Question 18: How Does The Testimony Of Changed Lives Give Evidence For The Existence Of The God Of Scripture?

Question 19: What Should Our Conclusion Be Regarding All Of The Arguments Which Are Given For God’s Existence?

Question 20: Haven’t The Discoveries Made By Modern Science Disproved The Existence Of The God Of The Bible?

Question 21: Can An Intelligent Person In The 21st Century Really Believe In The God Of The Bible?

Question 22: Is The God Of The Bible A Real Living Being Or Merely A Concept Or Idea?

Question 23: Who Created The God Of Scripture, Where Did He Come From?

Question 24: If God Of The Bible Exists, Then Why Is He Silent?

Question 25: Would Everyone Believe In The God Of Scripture If He Only Showed Himself To The World?

Question 26: Why Should We Expect The God Of The Bible To Reveal Himself To Humanity?

Question 27: How Has The God Of Scripture Revealed Himself To Humanity?

Question 28: Why Doesn’t Everyone See That The God Of The Bible Really Exists?

Part 2: When The God Of The Bible Is Rejected - What Non-Christians Believe About God

Question 29: Does Any One Religion Have The Answer About God? (Religious Pluralism)

Question 30: Don’t All Religions Ultimately Teach The Same Thing?

Question 31: In What Sense Is Christianity Unique Among The World’s Religions?

Question 32: Can A Person Experience The True God Through Religions Other Than Christianity? (Christian Exclusivism)

Question 33: What Is Monotheistic Religion? (The Belief In One God)

Question 34: Can A Person Reach The True God Through Judaism?

Question 35: What Is Dualism?

Question 36: What Is Animism?

Question 37: What Is Polytheism? (The Worship Of Many gods)

Question 38: What Is Henotheism? (The Belief In Many gods But The Worship Of Only One Of Them)

Question 39: If The God Of The Bible The Only One Who Exists, Then Why Does Scripture Speak Of Other gods?

Question 40: Is Everything That Exists Part Of God? (Pantheism)

Question 41: Is God Subject To Change (Panentheism, Process Theology)

Question 42: Could God Have Created The World And Then Backed Off? (Deism)

Question 43: How Is God Viewed In The New Age Movement?

Question 44: What Is Atheism?

Question 45: If Atheists Actually Cannot Claim That God Does Not Exist Then How Can They Argue Their Position?

Question 46: What Is Agnosticism?

GOD HAS SPOKEN TO US, ARE WE LISTENING?

On our own, finite, or limited, human beings cannot understand an infinite, or unlimited, God. In fact, we cannot know anything about God unless He has revealed it to us. Fortunately, the Bible says that God has revealed Himself to humanity through two different ways - general revelation and special revelation. General revelation, or natural revelation, is available to all people, everywhere, at all times. It is a constant, but silent witness to God’s existence and power. The universe itself is one grand testimony to God’s existence. The human conscience also gives evidence of the existence of God. Special revelation explains the God that general revelation reveals; the God of the Bible. The living God is both able and willing to explain certain things about Himself in human words. Scripture is the primary source of special revelation. It tells us how the universe came into being, where human beings came from, how sin entered into the world, the salvation God has provided, and how the present world will end. These truths can only be known through special revelation.

Both general revelation and special revelation are necessary for humanity to know anything about God: neither can make sense without the other. In this book, we will look at what the Bible has to say about God revealing Himself to humanity by these various means.

Question 1: What Is The Doctrine Of Revelation?

Question 2: How Is The Term Revelation Used In Scripture?

Question 3: Does It Make Sense That God Would Reveal Himself To Humanity?

Question 4: What Is General Revelation? (Universal Revelation, Natural Revelation)

Question 5: How Has God Revealed Himself Through Nature?

Question 6: Do Modern Discoveries Come Under The Heading Of General Revelation?

Question 7: How Does The Human Conscience Reveal God?

Question 8: How Does Providence Testify To God’s Existence?

Question 9: How Has God’s Existence Become Known Through Unwritten Tradition?

Question 10: How Has God’s Dealings With The Nations Of The World Demonstrated His Existence?

Question 11: Does General Revelation Prove That The God Of The Bible Exists?

Question 12: Why Are The Truths Of General Revelation Inadequate To Know God?

Question 13: What Conclusions Can We Draw From General Revelation?

Question 14: What Is Special Revelation? (Particular Revelation, Supernatural Revelation)

Question 15: Are All Parts Of The Bible Special Revelation?

Question 16: What Does Special Revelation Do?

Question 17: In What Special Ways Has God Revealed Himself To Humanity?

Question 18: Does Scripture Record Everything That God Has Revealed To Humanity?

Question 19: Has God Personally Revealed Himself To People?

Question 20: What Is Propositional Revelation?

Question 21: What Is Progressive Revelation?

Question 22: What Conclusions Can We Make About Divine Revelation?

Part 2: God And Us - Our Ability To Know Him

Question 23: Is It Possible For Humans To Know God Personally?

Question 24: Why Does The Bible Portray God Through Family And Personal Relationships? (Father, Mother, Husband, Groom, Friend)

Question 25: Why Does The Bible Depict God Through Various Occupations? (Artist, Teacher, Warrior, Shepherd)

Question 26: What Is The Significance Of God Being A Rescuer Or Deliverer Of His People? 

Question 27: If God Is Concerned About Humanity Then Why Is He Compared To A Ruling King And A Judge?

Question 28: Did God Create Humanity Because He Needed Our Love?  

Question 29: Why Did God Create Humanity If He Knew There Would Be So Much Pain?

Question 30: Is It Necessary For Unbelievers To Know God?

Question 31: Can A Person Please God By Being Good?  

Question 32: Does A Person Have To Approach God By Faith?

Question 33: Does It Matter What We Believe About God?

Question 34: Can God Forgive Anybody?

Question 35: What Keeps People From Believing In God?

Question 36: Why Does God Allow People To Suffer?

Question 37: Can Suffering Have Positive Benefits?

Question 38: How Can A Person Live With Suffering?

Question 39: How Can Someone Find God’s Best For Their Life?

The Trinity

The Bible says that only one God exists; there are no others. The one God is infinite, eternal, all-knowing, and all-powerful. He is a personal, living, Spirit. There is something else; this one God consists of three distinct eternal Persons, or centers of consciousness. They are God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. The fact that one God exists in three Persons is known as the doctrine of the Trinity. This difficult doctrine needs to be understood as best as possible. In this book, we will look extensively at what the Bible says regarding God’s triune nature. We will find that each distinct Person in the Trinity has attributes, or characteristics, that belong to God alone. In addition, each member of the Trinity does things only God can do. 

We will also look at how the different members of the Trinity work together in the various ministries that God performs. Each has a particular function within the Godhead. It is important that we understand the role of each member of the Trinity.  In addition we will find that the doctrine of the Trinity is foundational to the Christian faith. Without the Trinity, there is no salvation for humanity, no forgiveness of sins, and no guidance for believers today. Consequently, the doctrine of the Trinity is essential to Christianity. It is indeed one of the most important doctrines that a Christian can study.

Part 1: Introduction To The Canon Of Scripture

Question 1: What Is The Canon Of Scripture?

Question 2: Why Is The Issue Of The Canon So Important?

Question 3: If God Divinely Inspired Certain Books, Then Should We Expect Them To Be Preserved?

Question 4: Why Didn’t God Give A Divinely Inspired List Of The Exact Contents Of Scripture?

WHAT EVERYONE NEEDS TO KNOW ABOUT GOD

Question 1 What Are The Attributes Of God? (God’s Perfections)

Question 2 What Are Some Important Things To Understand About God And His Attributes?

Question 3 Should We Attempt To Categorize The Attributes, Or Characteristics, Of God?

Question 4 In What Sense Is Our Knowledge About The God Of Scripture Limited? (The Incomprehensibility Of God)

Part 2 The Attributes Of God That Belong To Him Alone: God’s Unique Characteristics

Question 5 Does The Bible Teach That He Has Always Existed? (The Eternity Of God)

Question 6 Was God Alone Before He Created The Universe?

Question 7 Is God Dependent Upon Anything? (Independence Of God, Freedom Of God)

Question 8 In What Sense Is God Perfect?

Question 9 In What Sense Is God The Living God?

Question 10 In What Sense Is God Without Limits? (Infinity, Immensity)

Question 11 How Is God Greater Than Angels, Other Created Beings, Or Humans? (The Immensity Of God)

Question 12 Is God Everywhere At Once? (Omnipresent)

Question 13 In What Specific Ways Is God Present With His Creation?

Question 14 If God Is Everywhere Present, The How Could Jonah Flee From His Presence?

Question 15 If God Is Present Everywhere, Then How Can Unbelievers Be Separated From Him?

Question 16 Is God All-Powerful? (Omnipotent)

Question 17 If God Is All-Powerful Then Does It Mean He Can Do Anything? Are There Any Limits To What God Can Do?

Question 18 What Does It Mean: God Is Holy?

Question 19 In What Sense Is God One Essence Or Substance? (The Simplicity Of God)

Question 20 What Does The Beauty Of The Lord Mean?

Question 21 What Is The Glory Of God?

Question 22 What Does The Name Of God Mean?

Question 23 Does The Bible Say That God Puts His Word Above His Name? (Psalm 138:2)

Question 24 What Does The Hebrew Term Elohim Mean?

Question 25 What Does The Hebrew Term Adonai Stand For?

Question 26 Why Is God Called Yahweh? (Jehovah)

Question 27 What Does The Greek Word Theos (God) Mean?

Question 28 What Does The Greek Word Kurios (Lord) Mean?

Part 3 The Personal Attributes Of God:

What Humans And God Have In Common

Question 29 Is God A Personal God?

Question 30 In What Sense Is God A Father?

Question 31 Is God Good?

Question 32 Is God A Wise God?

Question 33 Is God A God Of Truth?

Question 34 Is God Love?

Question 35 What Special Aspects Are There To God’s Love? (Whom Does God Have A Special Love For?)

Question 36 Is God Faithful?

Question 37 Is God Righteous?

Question 38 In What Specific Ways Does God Deal Righteously

With Humanity?

Question 39 In What Sense Is God Jealous?

Question 40 Is God A Judge?

Question 41 What Is The Wrath Of God?

Question 42 Is God A Merciful God?

Question 43 In What Sense Is God Patient?

Question 44 Does God Have A Physical, Or Material, Body? (God’s Spirituality)

Question 45 Why Do Certain Passages Seem To Teach That God Has A Body? (Anthropomorphisms)

Question 46 What Do We Say To People It Who Understand

All Descriptions Of God In A Literal Manner?

Question 47 Why Is God Compared To Animals?

Question 48 Why Is God Compared To Non-Living Things?

Question 49 Why Is God Compared To Human Relationships And Occupations?

Question 50 Doesn’t The Bible Say People Actually Saw God?

Question 51 Can Humans Become God?

Question 52 Can God Become A Human Being?

Question 53 Did God Every Take A Physical Form Before The

Coming Of Christ? (Theophanies)

Question 54 What About Certain Passages That Attribute Human

Passions To God? (Anthropopathisms)

Appendix What Is The Proper Way To Spell And Pronounce The Name Of The LORD? (Jehovah Or Yahweh)

DOES GOD KNOW EVERYTHING?

One of the main questions about God concerns what He knows. Historically, the church has held that God is omniscient or all-knowing. In other words, He has all knowledge. He knows everything which has happened in the past, He knows everything which is now going on in the present and He also knows everything which will occur in the future. Not only does He know everything that will happen, He also knows everything that could possibly happen. His knowledge is without limit. This has been the traditional understanding of Scripture on this subject.

In recent years, this traditional view of God’s knowledge has been challenged by some Bible-believing Christians. They contend that God does not know the future exhaustively. While His knowledge of past and present events is thorough or complete, the same does not hold true for the future. While He knows certain things about what will occur in the future, He does not know everything which will happen. The future, they contend is open. This means that God Himself is constantly learning new things. In this book we will look at what the Bible has to say about this all important subject of God’s knowledge. Does He know everything which will happen in the future or is His knowledge somehow limited? If so, has He limited Himself to what He can and cannot know? What does the Bible teach us on this issue?

As always, we will attempt to give a fair presentation of those who are on the various sides of this issue. Our responsibility is to clearly state the best arguments that each side has to offer and then evaluate these arguments in light of the totality of Scripture.  Because there are many passages which seem to teach God’s limited knowledge, or that He repents or changes His mind, we will look at a number of these passages in detail. In doing so, we will give the various ways in which these passages have been understood by Bible-believing Christians.

Question 1: Does God Know Everything? (All-Knowing, Omniscient)

Question 2: Which Words In The Bible Express The Omniscience Of God? (Foreknowledge, Foreseeing, Foretelling, Foreordained)

Question 3: According To The Bible, What Things Does God Specifically Know?

Question 4: What Is The Open View Of God? (Open Theism, Freewill Theism, Presentism, Relational Theism) 

Question 5: Is Open Theism The Best Way To Understand The Question Of God’s Knowledge?

Question 6: Was God Unaware Of What Had Happened To Adam And Eve? (Genesis 3:9-11)

Question 7: Was God Unaware Of What The People Were Doing At Babel? (Genesis 11:5-6)

Question 8: Did The Lord Have To Come Down From Heaven To Discover What Was Happening At Sodom And Gomorrah? (Genesis 18:20-21)

Question 9: Did God Consult With Abraham About The Future Of Sodom And Gomorrah? (Genesis 18:22-33)

Question 10: Did God Have To Test Abraham To Know If He Actually Trusted Him? (Genesis 22)

Question 11: Was God Unaware That Israel Loved Him (Deuteronomy 13:3)

Question 12: Was God Unaware That Israel Would Not Produce Good Grapes? (Isaiah 5:4)

Question 13: Did God Explicitly Say He Was Unaware What The People Would Do? (Jeremiah 18:6-11)

Question 14: Why Does The Lord Use The Word “Perhaps?” Was He Uncertain Of The Future? (Jeremiah 26:2,3, Ezekiel 12:3)

Question 15: Does God Forget Sin? (Jeremiah 31:44, Isaiah 43:25)

Question 16: Did God Ask A Question About The Future Because It Was Unknown To Him? (Hosea 8:5)

Question 17: Did God Wrongly Think Israel Would Come Back To Him? (Jeremiah 3:7)

Question 18: Did The Lord Think Israel Would Never Turn Away? (Jeremiah 3:19-20)

Question 19: Was God Unaware That The People Would Build High Places? Why Did He Say “It Would Never Enter My Mind? (Jeremiah 7:31, 19:5, 32:35)

Question 20: What Should We Conclude About Certain Passages Which Seem To Teach God’s Limited Knowledge?

Question 21: Does God Know Everything That Could Possibly Happen? (David And Saul, Elisha And Jehoash, Jesus And The Cities Which Did Not Repent)

Question 22: Can Anything About God Change? (Immutability)

Question 23: Was God Sorry That He Created Human Beings (Genesis 6:6)

Question 24: Did Moses Persuade God To Change His Mind? (Exodus 32:14)

Question 25: Did The Lord Actually Regret That He Made Saul King Of Israel? (1 Samuel 15:11)

Question 26: Did Hezekiah Convince God To Allow Him To Live Fifteen Extra Years?

Question 27: Did God Change His Mind As To What He Was To Do With The People Of Nineveh?

Question 28: In His Prayer In Gethsemane, Did Jesus Believe It Was Possible To Bypass The Cross?

Question 29: What Should We Conclude About Passages That Seem To Say That God Has Changed His Mind?

Question 30: Does God Dwell In Time?

Question 31: Does God Have Any Passions, Or Emotions? (The Impassibility Of God)

Question 32: How Does Open Theism Deal With Predictive Prophecy?

Question 33: Does God Know What Will Happen In The Remote Future? (David’s Son The Messiah, King Cyrus, And The Rise Of Greece)

Question 34: Did Jesus Know That Judas Would Actually Betray Him?

Question 35: What Should Our Conclusion Be About Open Theism? Is It A Legitimate Option For Believers, Heresy, Or Something Else?

UNDERSTANDING ISLAM

One of the main questions about God concerns what He knows. Historically, the church has held that God is omniscient or all-knowing. In other words, He has all knowledge. He knows everything which has happened in the past, He knows everything which is now going on in the present and He also knows everything which will occur in the future. Not only does He know everything that will happen, He also knows everything that could possibly happen. His knowledge is without limit. This has been the traditional understanding of Scripture on this subject.

In recent years, this traditional view of God’s knowledge has been challenged by some Bible-believing Christians. They contend that God does not know the future exhaustively. While His knowledge of past and present events is thorough or complete, the same does not hold true for the future. While He knows certain things about what will occur in the future, He does not know everything which will happen. The future, they contend is open. This means that God Himself is constantly learning new things. In this book we will look at what the Bible has to say about this all important subject of God’s knowledge. Does He know everything which will happen in the future or is His knowledge somehow limited? If so, has He limited Himself to what He can and cannot know? What does the Bible teach us on this issue?

As always, we will attempt to give a fair presentation of those who are on the various sides of this issue. Our responsibility is to clearly state the best arguments that each side has to offer and then evaluate these arguments in light of the totality of Scripture.  Because there are many passages which seem to teach God’s limited knowledge, or that He repents or changes His mind, we will look at a number of these passages in detail. In doing so, we will give the various ways in which these passages have been understood by Bible-believing Christians.

Question 1: Does God Know Everything? (All-Knowing, Omniscient)

Question 2: Which Words In The Bible Express The Omniscience Of God? (Foreknowledge, Foreseeing, Foretelling, Foreordained)

Question 3: According To The Bible, What Things Does God Specifically Know?

Question 4: What Is The Open View Of God? (Open Theism, Freewill Theism, Presentism, Relational Theism) 

Question 5: Is Open Theism The Best Way To Understand The Question Of God’s Knowledge?

Question 6: Was God Unaware Of What Had Happened To Adam And Eve? (Genesis 3:9-11)

Question 7: Was God Unaware Of What The People Were Doing At Babel? (Genesis 11:5-6)

Question 8: Did The Lord Have To Come Down From Heaven To Discover What Was Happening At Sodom And Gomorrah? (Genesis 18:20-21)

Question 9: Did God Consult With Abraham About The Future Of Sodom And Gomorrah? (Genesis 18:22-33)

Question 10: Did God Have To Test Abraham To Know If He Actually Trusted Him? (Genesis 22)

Question 11: Was God Unaware That Israel Loved Him (Deuteronomy 13:3)

Question 12: Was God Unaware That Israel Would Not Produce Good Grapes? (Isaiah 5:4)

Question 13: Did God Explicitly Say He Was Unaware What The People Would Do? (Jeremiah 18:6-11)

Question 14: Why Does The Lord Use The Word “Perhaps?” Was He Uncertain Of The Future? (Jeremiah 26:2,3, Ezekiel 12:3)

Question 15: Does God Forget Sin? (Jeremiah 31:44, Isaiah 43:25)

Question 16: Did God Ask A Question About The Future Because It Was Unknown To Him? (Hosea 8:5)

Question 17: Did God Wrongly Think Israel Would Come Back To Him? (Jeremiah 3:7)

Question 18: Did The Lord Think Israel Would Never Turn Away? (Jeremiah 3:19-20)

Question 19: Was God Unaware That The People Would Build High Places? Why Did He Say “It Would Never Enter My Mind? (Jeremiah 7:31, 19:5, 32:35)

Question 20: What Should We Conclude About Certain Passages Which Seem To Teach God’s Limited Knowledge?

Question 21: Does God Know Everything That Could Possibly Happen? (David And Saul, Elisha And Jehoash, Jesus And The Cities Which Did Not Repent)

Question 22: Can Anything About God Change? (Immutability)

Question 23: Was God Sorry That He Created Human Beings (Genesis 6:6)

Question 24: Did Moses Persuade God To Change His Mind? (Exodus 32:14)

Question 25: Did The Lord Actually Regret That He Made Saul King Of Israel? (1 Samuel 15:11)

Question 26: Did Hezekiah Convince God To Allow Him To Live Fifteen Extra Years?

Question 27: Did God Change His Mind As To What He Was To Do With The People Of Nineveh?

Question 28: In His Prayer In Gethsemane, Did Jesus Believe It Was Possible To Bypass The Cross?

Question 29: What Should We Conclude About Passages That Seem To Say That God Has Changed His Mind?

Question 30: Does God Dwell In Time?

Question 31: Does God Have Any Passions, Or Emotions? (The Impassibility Of God)

Question 32: How Does Open Theism Deal With Predictive Prophecy?

Question 33: Does God Know What Will Happen In The Remote Future? (David’s Son The Messiah, King Cyrus, And The Rise Of Greece)

Question 34: Did Jesus Know That Judas Would Actually Betray Him?

Question 35: What Should Our Conclusion Be About Open Theism? Is It A Legitimate Option For Believers, Heresy, Or Something Else?